In binding, a term used for two or more parallel folds which open like an accordion.
Against the Grain
Folding or feeding paper at right angles to the grain direction of the paper.
To line up typeset or other graphic material as specified, using a base or vertical line as the reference point.
Coating in a water base and applied like ink by a printing press to protect and enhance the printing underneath.
All original copy, including type, photos and illustrations, intended for printing.
Usually a department within a printing company responsible for collating, binding, folding and trimming various printing projects.
Layout, type or pictures that extend 1/8" beyond the trim marks on a page.
Prepress photographic proof made from stripped negatives where all colors show as blue images on white paper.
Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black), the four process colors used in full color printing.
The thickness of paper, usually expressed in thousandths of an inch (mils).
Paper with a coating of clay and other substances that improves reflectivity and ink holdout. Mills produce coated paper in the four major categories cast, gloss, dull and matte.
To organize printed matter in a specific order as requested.
The process of adjusting an image to compensate for scanner deficiencies or for the characteristics of the output device.
A representation of what the final printed composition will look like. The resolution and quality of different types of color can vary greatly.
To bind by inserting the teeth of a flexible plastic comb through holes punched along the edge of a stack of paper.
The text to be printed.
Category of thick paper used for products such as posters, menus, folders and covers of paperback books.
Extent to which ink covers the surface of a substrate. Ink coverage is usually expressed as light, medium or heavy.
Lines that are printed on a sheet to indicate where it needs trimming.
Type or art that continues from one page of a book or magazine across the gutter to the opposite page. Also called bridge, gutter bleed and gutter jump.
The blue color that is one of the four standard process colors used in printing.
A preparation process for artwork, photos, etc., that breaks down images into the four primary printing colors: magenta, cyan, yellow, and black.
An image composed of two printed colors referred to as a halftone.
A term DuPont uses to describe an inexpensive photographic proof from negatives where all colors are shown in blue.
To drill a whole in a printed matter.
Flat (not glossy) finish on coated paper; slightly smoother than matte.
A method for pressing images into paper that creates a raised relief effect.
Encapsulated Post Script, a known file format usually used to transfer post script information from one program to another.
Ink color used in addition to the four needed by four-color process.
File Transfer Program (FTP)
Computer software that permits the exchange of information between computers.
Size of product after production is completed, as compared to flat size. Also called trimmed size.
A method that uses ink, plastic coating, or varnish to completely cover a printed page.
A type of coating for rolls or plastic sheets that contains pigment or metallic ink used for embossing or stamping foil.
Four-Color Process Printing
Technique of printing that uses black, magenta, cyan and yellow to simulate full-color images. Also called color process printing, full color printing and process printing.
An unintended faint image on a printed sheet usually caused by transfer of an image from the back of one sheet to the front of another sheet.
A type of finish or coating that makes an image or photo shine and reflect light.
General term used to distinguish between or among printing papers, but whose specific meaning depends on context. Grade can refer to the category, class, rating, finish or brand of paper.
The unit of measurement for paper weight (grams per square meter).
The central blank area between left and right pages.
Proof on paper or other substrate, as compared to a soft proof.
Web press equipped with an oven to dry ink, thus able to print coated paper.
A method that converts dots into a continuous tone for printing.
A device used to output a computer image or composition at high resolution onto photographic paper or film.
Refers to the arrangement of pages on a printed sheet, which when the sheet is finally printed on both sides, folded and trimmed, will place the pages in their correct order.
Refers to an activity, such as graphic design or printing, performed within an organization, not purchased from outsiders.
Type set flush right and left.
Abbreviation for black in four-color process printing. Hence the 'K' in CMYK.
To reduce space between two or three characters so those characters appear better fitted together.
A method for cutting the top layer of a thin sheet of paper without cutting the bottom layer.
Artist style in which width is greater than height. (Portrait is opposite.)
Amount of space between lines of type.
Two folds creating three panels that allow a sheet of letterhead to fit a business envelope. Also called barrel fold and wrap around fold.
In North America, 8 1/2' x 11' sheets. In Europe, A4 sheets.
Book paper with basis weight less than 40# (60 gsm).
The addition of space between the letters of words to increase the line-length to a required width or to improve the appearance of a line.
Imprinted space around the edge of the printed material.
The red color that is one of the four standard process colors used in printing.
A type of ink finish that creates a "dull" or flat look on paper.
Ink containing powdered metal or pigments that simulate metal.
A reproduction of the original printed matter and possibly containing instructions or direction.
Paper used in printing newspapers. Considered low quality and "a short life use."
Signatures assembled inside one another in the proper sequence for binding, as compared to gathered. Also called inset
Printing on products such as coasters, pencils, balloons, golf balls and ashtrays, known as advertising specialties or premiums.
Printing technique that transfers ink from a plate to a blanket to paper instead of directly from plate to paper.
Computer image transferred to color proof, paper, film, or temporary plate material by an imagesetter device.
To print one image over a previously printed image, such as printing type over a screen tint.
Total number of pages that a publication has.
A method for attaching pages of a printed piece to its cover and spine, usually by a gluing process.
On a "dummy" marking where the perforation is to occur.
Taking place on a press or a binder machine, creating a line of small dotted wholes for the purpose of tearing-off a part of a printed matter.
A unit of measure in the printing industry. A pica is approximately 0.166 in. There are 12 points to a pica.
Short for picture element, a dot made by a computer, scanner or other digital device. There are 72 pixels for every inch.
Piece of paper, metal, plastic or rubber carrying an image to be reproduced using a printing press.
Obsolete reference to Pantone Matching System. The correct trade name of the colors in the Pantone Matching System is Pantone colors, not PMS Colors.
(1)Regarding paper, a unit of thickness equating 1/1000 inch. (2) Regarding type, a unit of measure equaling 1/12 pica and .013875 inch (.351mm).
An art design in which the height is greater than the width. (Opposite of Landscape.)
Camera work, color separations, stripping, platemaking and other prepress functions performed by the printer.
Any color proof made using ink jet, toner, dyes or overlays, as compared to a press proof printed using ink. Also called dry proof and off-press proof.
Event at which makeready sheets from the press are examined before authorizing full production to begin.
Process Color (Inks)
The colors used for four-color process printing: yellow, magenta, cyan and black.
Test sheet made to reveal errors or flaws, predict results on press and record how a printing job is intended to appear when finished.
Price offered by a printer to produce a specific job, thus alternate for estimate. The quoted price is the printer's side of the contract based on specifications from the customer.
Raster Image Processor
Device that translates page description commands into bitmapped information for an output device such as a laser printer or imagesetter.
To place printing properly with regard to the edges of paper and other printing on the same sheet. Such printing is said to be in register.
Marks or lines on the press sheet that guide all the people involved in the entire printing process.
The number of picture elements (pixels) per unit of linear measurement (normally an inch) on a computer monitor, or the number of dots per inch (dpi) in printed form.
The measurement used in typesetting to express quality of output. Measured in dots per inch, the greater the number of dots, the smoother and cleaner appearance the character/image will have. Photographs need to be scanned at a resolution of 300 dots per inch. Screen resolution is 72 dots per inch and something that looks good on your computer screen will look terrible when printed.
Abbreviation for red, green, blue, the additive color primaries.
To bind by stapling sheets together where they fold at the spine, as compared to side stitch. Also called pamphlet stitch, saddle wire and stitch bind.
Alternate term for dull finish on coated paper.
Electronic device used to scan an image.
To compress paper along a straight line so it folds more easily and accurately. Also called crease.
A printed item independent of an envelope. A printed item capable of travel in the mailing arena independently.
Usually in the four-color process arena, separate film holding images of one specific color per piece of film. Black, Cyan, Magenta and Yellow. Can also separate specific PMS colors through film.
Press that prints sheets of paper, as compared to a web press.
Proof on viewed on screen, as compared to a hard proof.
Any area of the sheet receiving 100 percent ink coverage, as compared to a screen tint.
Complete and precise written description of features of a printing job such as type size and leading, paper grade and quantity, printing or binding method. Abbreviated specs.
Back or binding edge of a publication
Spot Color or Varnish
One ink or varnish applied to portions of a sheet, as compared to flood or painted sheet.
Spot PMS Colors
Refers to a method of printing in which each color is printed with its own ink. In contrast, process color printing uses four inks (cyan, magenta, yellow, and black) to produce all other colors.
Abbreviation for specifications for web offset publications, specifications recommended for web printing of publications.
A page that is 11" x 17".
A graphics file that is commonly used in printing for photographs and illustrations needing high resolution.
A prepress technique which allows for variation in registration during the press run. This is done primarily by allowing an overlap between abutting colors.
The size of the printed material in its finished stage.
Translucent logo in paper created during manufacturing by slight embossing from a dandy roll while paper is still approximately 90 percent water.
Press that prints from rolls of paper, usually cutting it into sheets after printing.
Area of a printed piece that does not contain images or type. Also called negative space.
A type of colorless liquid used to protect and enhance the appearance of a printed surface.